This weblog will give you information about the "El Redescubrimiento de Oscar Aleman" project, the "Rediscovering of Oscar Aleman" project.
Oscar Aleman ( 1909 - 1980 )was an Argentinean jazz guitar player, entertainer and showman, born in Argentina, lived in Europe (1930s)and returned to Argentina ( 1940 - 1980 ).
He was one of the best jazz guitar players of his time.
Wednesday, July 01, 2015
A Missing Record Featuring Les Loups?
According to theDiscography Of American Historical Recordingsa 78 rpm Victor 80840 recorded Spring 1928 in Buenos Aires featuring female tango vocalistRosita Quirogahas the title 'Mis pobres ilusiones' on the A side (mx BAVE-44060), while the B side (mx BAVE-44061) has the title 'Mal rumbeada'. I got curious about this Victor recording, as the A side featuring 'Mis pobres ilusiones' is a composition credited toGastón Bueno Loboand Oscar Alemánwith added lyrics byEnrique D. Cadicamo. I tried to find further info about this composition and hoped finding the audio somewhere to evaluate the possibility ofLes Loups' participation in the recording, but without result, since the recording probably is lost. Next I wrote my expert friend in early tango,Luis 'Tito' Liberfor help researching further info, he sent me an answer (quoted below) which does not solve the question about the possible participation of Les Loups, but it puts some light on the circumstances of the the recordings byRosita Quirogain 1928.
Here is what Luis wrote: Roberto G. Miglio, in his book El Tango y Sus Intérpretes, has written that there are two sides of Rosita Quiroga (Victor 80840, recorded May 2nd 1928) where she would be accompanied by Les Loups, with hawaiian guitars: Mis Pobres Ilusiones (G Lobo-E. Cadícamo; O. Aleman) vals / Mal Rumbeada (E. Cadicamo; L. Viapiana; J. M. González) tango.
According to my investigation, the master of Victor 80840 no longer exists, no record collector seems to have the disc, and no modern CD compilation has these two songs. So we cannot hear them and confirm the information. But we can get closer, knowing the name of the guitarists that accompanied Victor´s star singer Rosita Quiroga in her 1928 records. The everpresent duet of guitars in her records from 1925 to 1928 (with the exception of 1927 and some records from 1928) is the excellent duo Aguilar/Pesoa. José María Aguilar (1891-1951) made the solos (a strong sound!!) and Rosendo Pesoa (1896-1951) the accompaniment. These guitarists were a kind of session musicians who played with every singer of the Victor staff. Rosendo Pesoa and José María "El Indio" Aguilar both have been the accompanying guitars of tango singers Ignacio Corsini and Agustín Magaldi, and Aguilar has been the guitarist of the great Carlos Gardel. Not outstanding, in some records of the Autumn of 1928, Quiroga´s guitarist are unknown. Maybe she had used another duet, for instance Alemán/Lobo. But in the Winter of 1928, Aguilar/Pesoa were back. So, maybe the guitar work of Les Loups had sounded very similar to them.
During those sessions of 1928, she recorded the first hit of composer Enrique Santos Discépolo: Que Vachaché. It could be possible that Rosita had introduced Les Loups, who were friends of Enrique, to the manager of the Victor Company.
Enrique S. Discépolo
To give you an impression ofRosita Quirogaand her accompanying guitarists, here is her recording of Discépelo's Que Vachaché; it was recorded in the Summer of 1928 and the Victor files has no names of the accompanying guitarists, but the duo may be the above mentioned Aguilar/Pesoa.
This famous tango byE.S. Discépolowas also recorded byLes Loupsca 30 Aug 1928 and was issued on Victor 80936 and/or 80950 (mx BAVE-44281-2). I'll insert the audio of this recording below to let you have the opportunity to determine similarities and/or differences compared to the the recording by Rosita Quiroga from about the same time.
An Interview with Waldo Fonseca of Hot Club de Boedo by Luis Liber
Waldo Fonsecais one of the last exponents of the school of Argentine
hot guitarists initiated by Oscar Alemánand continued byEduardo Ravera. He is the founder of
the "Hot Club de Boedo", a
cultural project and a string swing ensemble that preserves the aesthetic of the
style of jazz once played by Alemán and Ravera. Waldo is a tall and kind man, with the warmth of a
bohemian musician. At his home, in the town of Caballito, Buenos Aires, we had
a friendly talk.
" Around the end of the eighties, I got in contact with Eduardo "Zurdo" Ravera, who came to my house in Caballito
to hear the swing-guitar group I had with my brother." - In the seventies, Eduardo
Ravera had been the rhythm guitar of Oscar Alemán at several occasions, and
further the first guitar of violinist Hernán
Oliva`s Quintet (Chachi Zaragoza
was another member).
took a lot of affection on me, because he thought we had "revived"
him. He gave me a lot of scales exercises and he marked me for a long time how
to play the rhythm guitar properly (moving the wrist, not the arm!)." We all know how difficult it is to play right the pompe manouche.
Eduardo Ravera and Waldo Fonseca (1993)
the rhythm in our live performances, till the day Ravera told me
"Maestrito, go on" and he let me do the solo."
Waldo Fonseca (left) with Eduardo Ravera (right) and ensemble
days, "el Zurdo" (Lefthanded) had only limited motion in his right arm,
so he had to lift it with his left hand and literally hang it from the
fretboard. He played an acoustic "Repiso" guitar which sounded
Eduardo Ravera playing his Repiso
Waldo knows a lot of anecdotes about Oscar through
Ravera. Here are three untold:
Alemán used to say that a guitarist must play "standing
up" to be more effective (he was right if we think on the modern and
spectacular rock guitarists!).
One day Oscar told Eduardo: "Try to play like yourself, not like me, because there is just one
and only Alemán."
Alemán had the "nervous gesticulation" of
touching his face with the tips of his fingers, as if he tried to take the colour
of his skin off. Poor Oscar; but imagine that he had lived in a time when black
people suffered discrimination in Buenos Aires (and in all the world).
my first love", says Waldo, "and I cultivate Gardel and Alemán`s
style of straight playing. My others indirect teachers, from whom I learned
through the records and performances, were Django,
Hernán Oliva (Waldo is a fan, he has all his records!!) and bandoneonist Aníbal Troilo." - Waldo adds that the most original jazz musicians of
Argentina are... the tango musicians!
"I have a
worn "Fonseca" electro-acoustic guitar, but I`d like to play a "Selmer".
As far as I remember, Oscar and the
tango guitarist Ubaldo de Lio were
the only guitarists who had a Selmer in Argentina."
A couple of weeks ago history professor and journalist,Sergio A. Pujol, has published his book titled Oscar Alemán—La guitarra embrujada(- in English: Oscar Alemán—The Haunted Guitar, Planeta de Libros (340 páginas), Buenos Aires, Argentina), his biography of Oscar Alemán. I have not seen a copy of the book yet, but below I'll add some links to guide readers who are familiar with the Spanish language to further info.
The publisher's info about Pujol's book is accessiblehere
Argentinian paper Página 12 carried an excerpt of the book,here
Finally,Sergio Pujolwas interviewed about the book in a radio program at 221 Radio. Part of the interview was filmed and uploaded at YouTube in two videos, inserted below
Here's the second filmed extract of the broadcasted interview
I look forward to reactions from readers who have had access to Pujol's book. Reviews in Spanish and/or English are also most welcome. Contact me at the e-mail below. Thank you in advance for your collaboration!
According to the info available in the Oscar Alemán online-discographyLes Loups(Gastón Bueno Lobo, haw g & Oscar Alemán, g) recorded the shown 'Guitarra Que Llora' (Victor 80839 - A,mx BAVE-44058A-2) on c. May 2nd, 1928 for Victor in Buenos Aires. This was the initial recording of the tango, but other artists also recorded this tango by G.B. LoboandOscar Alemánafter it had added lyrics by Enrique Cadícamo, a.o. Augustin Magaldi's vocal version recorded shortly after the initial version by Les Loups. However, here is the original, instrumental version as recorded by Les Loups
By coincidence I found a recently recorded version ofGuitarra que llorauploaded at YouTube and performed by a Belgian trio namedLes guitares magiques. This contemporary version revisits the original version by Les Loups and is a magnificent re-take of the tune that generates a hope for more from this talented Belgian trio. It's a sheer joy to learn that contemporary musicians finally have experienced the lasting quality of the music originally recorded by Les Loups. - I have not much info aboutLes guitares magiques, but here are a few details extracted from the info added with another uploaded video by the trio:
"Slide masters Raf “Lazy Horse” Timmermans and Gijs Hollebosch usually accompany singer-songwriters. They met in early 2012 and gigged together a few times. Soon it became clear they had to share their passion for slide music. Digging deep into the Hawaiian style of playing slide guitar, Raf and Gijs soon discovered a whole unexplored world of forgotten music. Together with double bass player René Stock they built a new repertoire. It is Hawaiian, but it is also much more."
EnjoyGuitarra que lloraas played byLes guitares magiquesfrom Belgium
Duke Ellington, who toured Europe to escape the Great Depression as it harassed the US, visited France in 1933. Oscar Alemánmakes a profound impression on Duke, who offers him a place as a guitar player in his orchestra for a tour through the US. But Ellington had to ask Md.Joesphine Bakerbefore it could be arranged.
Josephine Baker, 1933
The comment of Josephine Bakerwas clear:Where in the world will I find another man who is able to sing in Spanish, French, Portuguese and Italian, who can dance, play the guitar, who is black and a great companion?
Oscar and Josephine on stage
Case closed: Md. Baker declined to let Oscar go, as a consolation he had a signed photo of the Ellington band with autographs by all members on the reverse, which he kept for all his life.
Duke Ellington and his Cotton Club orchestra, 1933
The autographs on the reverse of a similar promotion photo is shown below by courtesy ofLuis 'Tito' Liber, who kindly forwarded a copy of this essential keepsake from Alemán's own collection
Autographs of Ellington Orch. members, Paris 1933 (click to enlarge)
What would have happened, if Oscar had joined the Ellington orchestra in 1933? This is a question that has preoccupied many jazz lovers, however, fact is that we'll never know, we just have to dream about the missed possibilities.
- To end this, I'll insert a short film made by the Ellington orchestra 1933, 'A Bundle of Blues'- enjoy!
Joe Louis (1914–1981), known as the Brown Bomber, was the World Heavyweight Boxing Champion from 1937 to 1949 holding the title longer than anyone else in boxing history. A career profile is available here
Bill Coleman (1904-1981)
Trumpeter Bill Colemancomposed and recorded a swing tune as a homage to the rising boxing star in January 1936, Joe Louis Stomp. At that time Bill Coleman resided in Paris, France, where he had been engaged by Freddy Taylor late 1935 as a member of Taylor's orchestra, but already in 1933 Coleman had been in France as a member of Lucky Millinder's orchestra, and this time he would stay in Paris as his residence until 1940. During this period Bill Coleman also had his own orchestra in Paris that had regular performances at a venue called Villa d'Este, members were Bill Coleman (tp, ldr), Eugène d' Ellemmes (b), Edgar "Spider" Courance (ts, cl), Oscar Alemán (g) and William Diemer(dm) as shown at the picture below (l to r)
Bill Coleman Et Son Orchestre De La Villa D'Este, c.1936
On January 31th, 1936 Bill Coleman and his Orchestra recorded 'Joe Louis Stomp' in Paris, it was issued on a 78 rpm disc at the French Gramophone label, a devsion of HMV, as the A-side (mx. OLA-851-1, Gramophone (HMV) K-7705), while the B-side had a recording of the tune 'Coquette' (mx. OLA-852-1, Gramophone (HMV) K-7705).
Gramophone (HMV) K-7705
The Coleman quintet is extended to a sextet in this recording, John (Jean) Ferrier is added as the piano player - remaining personnel as mentioned above. 'Joe Louis Stomp' is a great swing tune, both Coleman and Edgar Courance have great solo spots, but here we should also focus on Oscar Alemán's 16 bar guitar solo. This is in fact the first swing/jazz solo recorded by Alemán. It is documenting an already mature and personal style that distinguishes him from other guitarists at the time. Enjoy the tune as recorded on January 31th, 1936 in the inserted video below.
Oscar Alemán recorded and released a version of 'Joe Louis Stomp' in Buenos Aires much later, but not during his contract with Odeon from 1941 to 1957. However, during the 1960s, when he had semi-retired from the scene as a performer and recording artist after dissolving his orchestra in 1959, he was from time to time a featured guest performer in radio and TV programs accompanied by a quintet named Cinco Caballeros consisting of cl or vln, p, rh g, b and dm.
Oscar Alemán & Cinco Caballeros, 1960s
With the Cinco Caballeros Alemán performed his own arrangement of 'Joe Louis Stomp' at several live appearances in radio programs during the 1960s as documented in unissued recordings saved by keen collectors. One of the hottest versions I have heard was performed in a program at Radio el Mundo on September 2nd, 1965, inserted in the audio-video below
Note that the speaker of the program mentions Duke Ellingtonas the composer of the tune, although it rightly should have been Bill Coleman. However, the studio audience probably would not have cared anyway, as Bill Coleman's name and output probably was rather unknown in Argentina at the time. On the other hand, Alemán's version of the tune gets a deserved enthusiastic applause and points to the fact that 'Joe Louis Stomp' had become a part of his standard repertoire at the time.
As mentioned, he recorded the tune much later, now in a slower and more subdued version, but still with great guitar work showing off his excellence even in his late career. The tune was recorded in September 1974 on the last LP album for the Redondel label titled 'En Todos Los Ritmos' (L-809). Alemán is accompanied by Juan José Gonzalez (cl), Dario “Johnny” Quaglia (rh g), Norberto Villa (b) and Mario Raffaelli(dm). This version has been uploaded at YouTube and is inserted in the video below - a worthy contribution to markthe 106th anniversary of Oscar Alemán and a great swing jazz tune, enjoy!
During his career in Argentina in the 1940s and 1950sOscar Alemáncomposed some swing tunes like OSCARINADAS, REZEZE, SCARTUNAS, COMO TE LLAMAS?, SWING EN LA as part of his setlist, two of them (OSCARINADAS and SCARTUNAS) were recorded by both the Quintet and the Orchestra. Here I shall concentrate on SCARTUNAS, which is documented in three recordings, two for the Odeon label and one live shot from Radio Belgrano that has been saved on acetate.
Odeon 45973 B
SCARTUNAS was recorded by OA y su Quinteto de Swing onJune 27th, 1944and was released on the shown Odeon 45973 as the B side, the A side had a rendition of the Brazilian batuque by Laura Maia, EU VI UM LEÃO, sung in Portuguese by Alemán. SCARTUNAS is a simple swing tune, a short riff theme with extended space for improvisation, and this version has great solo contributions by Alemán's guitar as well as by violinistManuel Gavinovichand piano playerCeferino Alburquerque.The tune is played in medium fast tempo and is a great example of both the excellent interplay and support by the ensemble and Alemán's skills as a guitarist and improviser. The audio has been uploaded at YouTube and is inserted below.
SCARTUNAS was also recorded by Alemán and his orquestra for Odeon onMay 16th 1952, although the label of the issued 78 rpm disc (Odeon 55399) wrongly lists the recording as by OSCAR ALEMÁN y su Quinteto de swing.
Odeon 55399 B
This version of SCARTUNAS is played at a faster tempo than the previous rendition by the quintet, the riff theme is in focus and is played in unison by the guitar and the three part violin section during the longest sequence of the recording, which takes off as a call-and-response between the guitar and the violins. The violins as accompaniement in this recording add an almost Middle Eastern flavour to the music in the sequence without Alemán's guitar as lead voice, a feature marked by the fast tempo and the glissandi by the violins playing in unison. This version has also been uploaded at YouTube and is inserted here
During one of Alemán's 'Ritmos brillantes de Palmolive' programs atRadio BelgranofromSeptember 28th 1952,SCARTUNAS was presented live by Alemán and his orchestra, Luckily, this on-the-air performance has been saved on acetate and since re-issued on CD (REDONDEL CD 45025). The version performed here is played at the same fast tempo as the released studio recording for Odeon on May 16th 1952, however, the live-shot is particularily longer than the Odeon take and leaves more space for Alemán's soloing. His solo here is different from the quintet recording of the tune at the June 27th 1944 take for Odeon and the live-shot of SCARTUNAS is a remarkable document of Alemán's skills as an improviser during his heyday as a most requested entertainer and popular musician at the Argentinian scene.
Bandleader, trumpeter and film actor Harry James (1916-1983)
The saved acetates from this Radio Belgrano program further are an important historic document, as the in-between-music speach has a conversation between Alemán and visiting guests, at this occasion two Americans were in the studio - famous bandleaderHarry Jamesand film actorTony Martin. This short meeting between Alemán and Harry James maybe later caused the anecdote that James had offered Alemán a tour of the USA with James' Music Makers, which he (Alemán) refused for the sake of his popularity at the Argentinian scene. If some of the readers can confirm the anecdote and perhaps add further details, I should like to hear from you. Anyway, for now, here's the saved audio from the live-performance of SCARTUNAS at the Radio Belgrano program uploaded at YouTube